Being the least populous district in Andhra Pradesh, Vizianagaram district lies in the northern part of coastal region of the state. It was formed on 1 June 1979. The history of Vizianagaram district is with Kalinga dynasty.
The district lies between 17- 15’ and 19 – 15’ North latitudes and 83 – 00’ and 83-45’’ East longitude with an area of 6,539 square kilometres. There is a coast line of 28 kilometers on the east facing Bay of Bengal.
Vizianagaram district has a population of 2,344,474 as per 2011 census. The density of the district is 358 inhabitants per square kilometre, with a 4.16% growth rate from the year 2001 to 2011. The sex ratio is 1016. The literacy rate is 59.49%.
The district is an agricultural based district, 68.4% worjkers are engaged in agriculture. There is an agricultural based industrial development in the district. It consists of Jute mills, Sugar factories, Rice and Oil mills and Tiles manufacturing units. There are few mineral deposits which are being utilized by The Ferro Alloys Corporation Limited(FACOR) and other industries.